Soil erosion due to land use change and use of fertilisers and pesticides

Summary
Restoration and maintenance of soil fertility
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Soil erosion due to land use change and use of fertilisers and pesticides
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Oil palm is a fast growing agricultural crop around the world due to its diverse usage across industries. The crop is rapidly in talk of spreading to cultivation in different parts of India. However, plantations often replace virgin forest, leading to immense soil health loss. This is often compensated by chemical use which aggravates the problems.

Palm oil is known to be grown in areas by removing the existing flora which has resulted in detrimental effects on the soil. Further, although in general, the use of pesticide is lower in palm oil as compared to many other crops, but some chemicals used pose significant risks the environment. Among these hazardous chemicals used, the use of herbicides is the most concerning and leads to nutrient-poor soils. On the plantation of palm oil trees, large amounts of fertilisers and pesticides are used to ensure rapid growth and the health of each tree which leads to further issues of soil quality.

Type of solution required: Good practices and methodologies that help restore and maintain soil fertility.

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